11 Types of Fasting in Islam: Not just Ramadan for You

By | November 23, 2021

Do you know? Apart from during Ramadan, Muslims can also fast on certain months or days, you know. Come on, find out the following types and types of fasts!

It doesn’t feel like the month of Ramadan has arrived and it is certainly obligatory for Muslims to fast for a whole month.

The meaning of fasting itself is to hold back your passions from sunrise to sunset. So, you cannot eat and drink while fasting. However, did you know that fasting is not only done during the holy month!

The following are the types of fasting in Islam other than Ramadan!

Types of Mandatory Fasting

As the name suggests, obligatory fasting is a fast that all Muslims must observe. If Muslims do this they will be rewarded, whereas if they do not they will get a sin.

The mandatory legal fast is divided into three types, see the following explanation.

1. Fasting Ramadan

Ramadan fasting is the most common type of fasting because it is a mandatory fast for a full month in the month of Ramadan for every Muslim who is already baligh. The obligation to perform fasting during the month of Ramadan is contained in the Al-Qur’an chapter Al-baqarah verse 183.

2. Vow fast

The second type of obligatory fast is votive fasting, which is fasting because of a promise. Nazar itself means promise so that adultery fast has a mandatory law.

3. Fasting Fines or Kifarat

The last type of mandatory fasting is fine fasting, which is fasting done to replace dams or fines for violations of mandatory law, for example not carry out fasting. This fasting aims to wash away sins that have been committed.

Types of Sunnah Fasting

Sunnah fasting is a fast that is not mandatory for Muslims. If a Muslim does this, he will get merit whereas if he does not then he will not get sin.

Sunnah fasting has several types including the following.

4. Fasting Shawwal

The first type of fast of the sunnah fast is the Shawwal fast. Shawwal itself is the name of the month after the month of Ramadan. The Shawwal fast is fasting for six days in the month of Shawwal.

This fast can be done sequentially starting from the second day of Shawwal or it can be done sequentially.

5. Fasting Arafah

The Arafah fast is a type of sunnah fast that is highly recommended for Muslims who are not on the pilgrimage. As for Muslims who are on pilgrimage, there is no virtue of fasting on the day of Arafah or the 9th of Dzulhijjah.

The Arafah fast itself has a privilege for the practitioner, namely that the sins of the past year and the sins of the coming year will be washed away (Narrated by Muslim).

6. Tarwiyah fasting

Tarwiyah fast is fasting which is carried out on the day of tarwiyah which is the 8th of Dzulhijjah. The term tarwiyah itself comes from the word tarawwa which means to bring water. This is because, on that day, the pilgrims brought a lot of zam-zam water to prepare for Arafah and headed for Mina.

7. Fasting Monday and Thursday

This type of fast is also the most popular sunnah fast. Fasting Monday began when the Prophet Muhammad SAW ordered his people to always fast on Mondays and Thursdays.

Because Monday is the day of his birth while Thursday is the first day the Qur’an was revealed.

8. David’s fast

This type of fast is a unique fast because the article David’s fast is fasting that is done alternately (fast one day, not one day). David’s fast aims to imitate the fast of the Prophet Daud As. This type of fasting also turned out to be very favorable to Allah SWT.

9. Fasting ‘Ashura

Muharram month is a month that is sunnah to increase fasting, it can be at the beginning of the month, the middle, or the end. However, the most important fast is on the day of Ashura which is the tenth day of Muharram.

This fast is known as Yaumu Ashura which means the day on the tenth day of Muharram.

10. Fasting Ayyamul Bidh

Muslims are called to fast at least three times a month. However, fasting is mainly done on ayyamul bidh, namely on the 13th, 14th, and 15th day of the Hijri month or the month of the Islamic calendar.

Ayyamul bidh itself means white day because on these nights the full moon shines with its white moonlight.

11. Fasting Sya’ban (Nisfu Sya’ban)

Not only is the month of Ramadan which has its privileges, but the month of Sha’ban also has its specialties. In the month of Sha’ban, it is recommended that Muslims seek as much reward as possible.

One way is to do as much fasting at the beginning of the middle of the month of Sha’ban as possible.

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