Types of High Jump Styles and How to do Them

By | October 26, 2021
Types of High Jump Styles and How to do Them

There are many sports that we can find. If we discuss them one by one there will be no end. With so many types of sports that can be practiced, it makes everyone free to choose the type of sport they like. Doing sports activities is very important for the health of the body. One type of sport that is no less interesting is the high jump sport. This sport can be done with a variety of high jump styles that exist. This style has an important role in making a jump with a perfect landing.

You are certainly no stranger to high jumping, right? The high jump has a wide variety of styles to choose from. High jumping is one of the athletic sports that can be done by pressing the support on the leg muscles and abdominal muscles. In doing this sport, athletes need good basic techniques. This technique aims to produce good high jumps so that the results of the jumps are maximized. This time I will explain the kinds of high jump styles and how to do them. Immediately, you can see below.

Types of High Jump Styles and How to do Them

Types of High Jump Styles and How to do Them

Types of high jump styles and how to do them

High jumping is a type of sport that tests the skills of its athletes. The athlete is asked to jump over a crossbar at a certain height. The purpose of the high jump sport is to cross the crossbar without touching it. The minimum height for high jumps is 2.5 meters with a ruler length of 3.15 meters. The athletes are required to pass through the pole without the need for any tools. Therefore, a good high jump force is needed. Below are the various types of high jump styles and how to do them.

Fosbury Flop Style

The first high jump force is the Fosbury flop force. The Fosbury flop style was first introduced by a high jumper named Ricarord Fosbury from the United States. The athlete participated in the Mexico Olympics in 1968 by winning first place in the competition. Then the athletes who saw Ricarord Fosbury were interested in studying the high jump style. This style is still used and continues to develop today. In 1974, the Fosbury flop style began to enter and was introduced in Indonesia. Then in 1987, there were athletes from Indonesia who broke the national record with a height of 1.96 m to 1.98 m and 1.99 m. He managed to maintain this title for 24 years. The record is held by an athlete named Suwignyo. Then the record was taken by an athlete from Bali named Widiana with a height of 2.02 m. He is the first athlete in Indonesia to jump over the crossbar over 2 m.

Here’s how to do the Fosbury flop high jump:

Prefix Technique

The high jumping force of the Fosbury flop can be started with a prefix technique of carrying out a curved motion to form a semicircle. The initial movement is in a circular position towards the front left, resting on the right leg. With this technique, the body will not touch or touch the crossbar. The initial technique of the high-jump Fosbury flop has several weaknesses, namely, the movement is difficult when starting with a fast run followed by a circular or curved motion with small fingers, preparing the correct footsteps before jumping is very difficult, if one step the athlete will fail or be imperfect in the jump. Then the energy required must also be large.

Pedestal Technique

The next technique in the high-jump Fosbury flop is the pedestal technique. For athletes, it is recommended to use the outer leg that is far from the ruler in carrying out the support. A good pedestal distance is about 60 m to 100 m from the ruler. This distance is very influential in getting a high jump result. For the support technique, you can do it by bending your legs about 130 to 160 degrees. Furthermore, when the body makes a turn to cross the bar, the posture remains upright. Your knees are then lifted to your hips by turning them toward the footstool. The stance of the legs straight and without swinging. When performing this pedestal technique, the hand is swung in a double or regular manner.

Landing Technique

The next technique in the high-jump Fosbury flop is the landing technique. This technique can be done by landing the back first. Keep your legs straight up and try not to pull them towards your chest. As for the attitude of his hands lying sideways.

Scissors Style

The next high jump style is the scissors or scissors style. This style was formerly called the Sweney style because it was invented by an athlete named Sweney. In 1880, athletes Sweney started using the squat style and changed the Sweney style to the scissor style. Until now this style is better known as the scissors style. Here’s how to do the scissors or scissors high jumpstyle:

Prefix Technique

The scissors high jump style can be started with a starting technique in the form of running towards the front with a slight angle to the right or the left. The oblique stance depends on which leg is used. If the athlete uses the right footstool, the oblique direction is facing to the left and vice versa.

Pedestal Technique

The next technique in the high jump scissors style is the pedestal technique. This technique uses the foot that is the farthest away from the ruler. Then for the foot that is not used as a pedestal, it is swung forward in a direction that is crossed with the crossbar. Try to do the pedestal technique correctly so that the results of the jump are higher and more optimal.

While Hovering

The next technique in the scissors high jump style is the posture when flying. When the foot crosses the crossbar, immediately swing the rock support leg right or left depending on the athlete’s posture. Then the posture is rotated to the right or left. Direct your gaze under the landing area. After that at the same time, the stance of the foot which was not supported was directed straight back. That way it will look like a scissor-like position. The other leg is then swung down alternately.

Landing Technique

The last technique in the high jump scissors style is the landing technique. This landing technique can be done by leaning on the body using the right leg or the left leg. Try to keep your body position facing the bar.

This high jump style in the form of a scissor style has several disadvantages, such as being less effective because it has a floating posture, so it requires a lot of energy and the fulcrum is too far away so it is difficult for athletes to reach.

Western Roll Style or Side Roll

The next high jump style is the western roll or side roll. This style can also be called a side style. This style was created by G. Horin from the United States in 1912. However, the side-roll style could not develop due to the prevailing regulations. This style has the position of the head lower than the hips when it is over the bar. This is what disqualifies athletes so that they are rarely used by high jump athletes. In 1943, the western roll style was developed so that the position of the head should not be too low from the waist when over the bar. This style was once recorded as a record that is owned by an American athlete with a height of 2.03 meters. It was then that the side roll style began to be recognized and applied by world athletes including Indonesia. Here’s how to do the western roll high jump style.

Prefix Technique

The western roll high jump style can be started with the prefix technique from the side of about 35 to 40 degrees. If you start the movement with your left foot then the direction of the body is from the left side and vice versa.

Pedestal Technique

The next technique in the western roll high jump style is the pedestal technique. The pedestal technique can be performed with the foot closest to the ruler. The leg is swung forward so that it gets across a position with the crossbar.

While Hovering

The next technique in the western roll high jump style is the posture when flying. Position the body tilted and parallel to the crossbar. At the same time, the position of the head is slightly lowered. The position of the head is lower than the hips. Then roll your body downwards.

Landing Technique

The last technique in the western roll high jump style is the landing technique. This landing technique can be done by landing the foot of the pedestal with one hand together. After that, the body is rolled away from the crossbar. If novice athletes want to try this style, they can land on the pedestal first.

Straddle or Bolster Style

The last high jump style is the straddle or roll style. The straddle style is widely used by athletes. In the 1930s, the American athlete named Jim Stewart was introduced to the bolster style. But that year there was no recognition of this straddle style. But at that time the roll style had competed with the side roll style. This style also broke records with a pole height of 2.15 meters. Then there was another Russian athlete who broke the record again using this style with a height of 2.23 meters above the bar. The athlete is named V. Brunei. For the rolling style in high jump sports, it can be started with steps totaling 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, and 11. Here’s how to do the straddle high jumpstyle:

Prefix Technique

The straddle high jump force can be started with a prefix technique whose angle and direction are the same as the side roll force. If the high jump athlete uses the right footstool, the starting direction is from the right side and vice versa. For the pedestal feet, you are free to use any foot depending on the ability of each.

Pedestal Technique

The next technique in the straddle high jump style is the pedestal technique. For the pedestal, use the foot closest to the ruler. Then for the leg that is not used as a pedestal, swing it towards the top. This pedestal technique is very influential in the result of the jump. If the pedestal is not right, then the result of the jump is not optimal and it is not high. Then the footstool must also be strong so that the posture remains balanced.

When Hovering and Landing

The next technique in the straddle high jump style is the floating and landing technique. After your feet support, try to float your body over the crossbar. Position the body face down and parallel to the crossbar. Then the position of the legs is stranded. The position of the feet is not supporting, arms, head, and body are parallel. The position of the head is lower than the hips. Then the posture rolls towards the bottom right.